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Title: Effects of electrical parameters on the plasma electrolytic oxidation of aluminium
Author(s): J. Martin, A. Melhem, I. Shchedrina, T. Duchanoy, A. Nominé, G. Henrion, T. Czerwiec and T. Belmonte
Journal: Surface and Coatings Technology
Year: 2013
Volume: 221
Pages: 70
Abstract: The plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) of aluminium alloys is investigated for different electrical working conditions using a pulsed bipolar current supply. A particular attention is paid to the effect of the anodic current density (from 10 to 90 A dm−2) and current pulse frequency (from 100 to 900 Hz) on the resulting oxide layer. Micro-discharges are characterized during the process by means of fast video imaging with a time and a space resolution of 8 μs and 0.017 mm2, respectively. Correlations are established between themicro-discharge characteristics (surface density, lifetime and size) and the elaborated oxide layers (morphology, growth rate and surface roughness). The highest coating growth rate measured (2.1 μm min−1) is achieved with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm−2) and the highest current pulse frequency (900 Hz). Within these specific current conditions it is concluded that the detrimental effects of numerous micro-discharges are minimized. The results also show that the surface roughness may be largely affected by the presence of long-lived and large micro-discharges which develop over the processed surface. The strongest micro-discharges (live duration up to 0.3 ms and cross-sectional area up to 1 mm2) are mainly observed with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm−2) and the lowest current pulse frequency (100 Hz).
Note: Département CP2S : ESPRITS

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