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Titre: Microstructure - Properties Relationships in Carbide-free Bainitic Steels
Auteur(s): Jean-Christophe Hell, Moukrane Dehmas, Sebastien Allain, Juscelino Mendes Prado, Alain Hazotte et Jean-Philippe Chateau
Journal: ISIJ International
Année: 2011
Volume: 51
Issue: 10
Pages: 1724-1732
ISSN: 0915-1559
Résumé: We elaborated two carbide-free bainitic steels with different microstructures through specific alloy design and austempering process. Microstructural characterizations were performed by means of EBSD analysis and in-situ high energy synchrotron diffraction in order to evaluate the phase fractions and the carbon content in the retained austenite, as well as the microtextures. These microstructural features were correlated to the tensile properties. Both steels exhibited an excellent compromise between high strength (above 1 250 MPa), good ductility (uniform elongation up to 14%) and high fracture strain (reduction of area up to 46%). The volume fraction of MA blocks (blocks of retained austenite partially transformed into fresh martensite during the final cooling at room temperature) was a key relevant parameter that strongly influenced the work-hardening at the expense of the damaging processes at high strain.
Projet: Département SI2M : Microstructures et Contraintes

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