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Articles:

Martin, J., Melhem, A., Shchedrina, I., Duchanoy, T., Nominé, A., Henrion, G., Czerwiec, T. and Belmonte, T.
Surface and Coatings Technology, 221:70
2013

Resume: The plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) of aluminium alloys is investigated for different electrical working conditions using a pulsed bipolar current supply. A particular attention is paid to the effect of the anodic current density (from 10 to 90 A dm-2) and current pulse frequency (from 100 to 900 Hz) on the resulting oxide layer. Micro-discharges are characterized during the process by means of fast video imaging with a time and a space resolution of 8 μs and 0.017 mm2, respectively. Correlations are established between themicro-discharge characteristics (surface density, lifetime and size) and the elaborated oxide layers (morphology, growth rate and surface roughness). The highest coating growth rate measured (2.1 μm min-1) is achieved with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm-2) and the highest current pulse frequency (900 Hz). Within these specific current conditions it is concluded that the detrimental effects of numerous micro-discharges are minimized. The results also show that the surface roughness may be largely affected by the presence of long-lived and large micro-discharges which develop over the processed surface. The strongest micro-discharges (live duration up to 0.3 ms and cross-sectional area up to 1 mm2) are mainly observed with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm-2) and the lowest current pulse frequency (100 Hz).

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Keddam, M., Marcos, G., Thiriet, T., Czerwiec, T. and Michel, H.
Matériaux et Techniques, 101:204
2013

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Ochoa, E.A., Droppa, R., Basso, R.L.O., Morales, M., Cucatti, S., Zagonel, L.F., Czerwiec, T., Dos Santos, M.C., Figueroa, C.A. and Alvarez, F.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 143:116-123
2013

Resume: The low energy (similar to 50-350 eV) noble gases ion bombardment of the steel surface shows that the pre-treatments increase nitrogen diffusion by modifying the outermost structure of the material. The surface microstructure and morphology of the studied samples were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The crystalline and chemical structures in the outermost layers of the surface were analyzed by grazing angle X-ray diffraction (GAXRD) and photoemission electron spectroscopy (XPS). Temperature effusion studies of the implanted ions are used to elucidate the noble gases site localization in the network. The local compressive stress induced by the nearby iron atoms on the core level electron wave functions of the trapped noble gases are studied by photoemission electron spectroscopy (XPS) and interpreted considering a simple mechanical model. Nano-hardness measurements show the dependence of the material elastic constant on the energy of the implanted noble gases. Although the ion implantation range is about few nanometers, the atomic attrition effect is larger enough to modify the material structure in the range of micrometers. Two material stress zones were detected where the outermost layers shows compressive stress and the underneath layers shows tensile stress. The implanted noble gases can be easily removed by heating. A diffusion model for polycrystalline-phase systems is used in order to discuss the influence of the atomic attrition on the N diffusion coefficient. The concomitant effect of grain refining, stress, and surface texture on the enhancing nitrogen diffusion effect is discussed.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

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