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References

Articles:

Lambert, C-H., Mangin, S., Varaprasad, B.S.D.C.S., Takahashi, Y.K., Hehn, M., Cinchetti, M., Malinowski, G., Hono, K., Fainman, Y., Aeschlimann, M. and Fullerton, E.E.
Science,
2014

Equipe: Département P2M : Nanomagnétisme et Electronique de Spin

Aliev, F.G., Cascales, J.P., Hallal, A., Chshiev, M. and Andrieu, S.
Physical Review Letters, 112(21)
2014

Equipe: Département P2M : Nanomagnétisme et Electronique de Spin

Audinot, J. -N., Hamdan, A., Grysan, P., Fleming, Y., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, 46(1, SI):397-400 Audinot, JN (Reprint Author), Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, 41 Rue Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg. Audinot, J. -N.; Grysan, P.; Fleming, Y., Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198,CS 50840, F-54011 Nancy, France.
2014
ISSN: 0142-2421

Mots clefs: imaging; combinaison; characterization; plasma; nanosims; 3D

Resume: The discharge between a platinum electrode and different metallic monolayers on a silicon substrate produced sub-micrometric structures. The scanning electron microscope images showed the formation of craters with cones, holes, corona, and other exotic structures. The atomic force microscopy images allowed evaluating the depth and height of these complex structures together with the chemical information as determined by NanoSIMS imaging. The plasma impacts locally removed the mono-layer and the bilayer down to the bare silicon substrate. In order to convert the acquired NanoSIMS images into a true three-dimensional distribution of the analyzed species, the SIMS images are overlapped with the corresponding atomic force microscopy images of the same probed area. This analysis method allows a visualization of a complex 3D structure and helps understand the formation mechanisms of the streamer impact. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Ghanbaja, J. and Belmonte, T.
Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, 34:1101-1114
2014

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

ZHOU, T., COLIN, M., CANDOLFI, C., Boulanger, C., DAUSCHER, A., Santava, E., HEJTMANEK, J., BARANEK, P., AL RAHAL AL ORABI, R., POTEL, M., Fontaine, B., GOUGEON, P., Gautier, R. and LENOIR, B.
Chemistry of Materials, 26(16):4765-4775
2014

Resume: We present a detailed study of the evolution of the electrical, galvanomagnetic, and thermodynamic properties of polycrystalline AgxMo9Se11 compounds for 3.4 ? x ? 3.8 at low temperatures (2?350 K). In agreement with density functional theory calculations, the collected data show an overall gradual variation in the transport properties from metallic to semiconducting behavior on going from x = 3.4 to 3.8. The results evidence subtle variations in the electronic properties with the Ag content, typified by both positive and negative phonon-drag effects together with thermopower and Hall coefficient of opposite signs. Analysis of the data suggests that these features may be due to peculiarities of the dispersion of the valence bands in the vicinity of the chemical potential. A drastic influence of the Ag content on the thermal transport was evidenced by a pronounced change in the temperature dependence of the specific heat below 10 K. Nonlinearities in the Cp(T3) data are correlated to the concentration of Ag atoms, with an increase in x resulting in a more pronounced departure from a Debye law. The observed behavior mirrors that of ionic conductors, suggesting that AgxMo9Se11 for x ? 3.6 might belong to this class of compounds.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Chimie et électrochimie des matériaux

Jana, A., Briquet, L., WIRTZ, T., Philipp, P. and Henrion, G.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 326:341-344
2014

Resume: The deposition of multiple carbon atoms on a crystalline silicon (Si) surface is modelled at 5 eV energy by using molecular dynamics simulations combined with a third generation force field that includes bond breaking and formation. Force field parameters are taken from a previous work. These simulations allow for atomic scale insights into the deposition mechanisms and an easier comparison with experimental observations. The results, including distributions of implantation depth, carbon concentrations, sticking coefficients, radial distribution function, and angular distributions are compared for different incidence angles. Due to the deposition of carbon atoms inside the silicon structure, silicon carbide starts to form. The crystalline structure has been investigated for different conditions to get a better understanding of the damaging and growth mechanisms. It is found that a lot of deformation is accumulated in the area of deposition near to the surface but underneath the surface the silicon has still a more crystalline structure. The variation of the silicon (carbide) structu re slightly depends on the angle of incidence. For the conditions used for these simulations, the sticking probability is always high and varies between 95% and 100%, which can be attributed to the high affinity of carbon for silicon.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Wang, Y., Ghanbaja, J., SOLDERA, F., Boulet, P., Horwat, D., MUECKLICH, F. and Pierson, J. F.
ACTA MATERIALIA, 76:207-212
2014
ISSN: 1359-6454

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : X-Gamma rayons X et spectroscopie

Bellot, Jean-Pierre, De Felice, Valerio, Dussoubs, Bernard, Jardy, Alain and Hans, Stephane
METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE, 45(1):13-21
2014
ISSN: 1073-5615

Resume: Gas-stirring ladle treatment of liquid metal has been pointed out for a long time as the processing stage is mainly responsible for the inclusion population of specialty steels. A steel ladle is a complex three-phase reactor, where strongly dispersed inclusions are transported by the turbulent liquid metal/bubbles flow. We have coupled a population balance model with CFD in order to simulate the mechanisms of transport, aggregation, flotation, and surface entrapment of inclusions. The simulation results, when applied to an industrial gas-stirring ladle operation, show the efficiency of this modeling approach and allow us to compare the respective roles of these mechanisms on the inclusion removal rate. The comparison with literature reporting data emphasizes the good prediction of deoxidating rate of the ladle. On parallel, a simplified zero-dimensional model has been set-up incorporating the same kinetics law for the aggregation rate and all the removal mechanisms. A particular attention has been paid on the averaging method of the hydrodynamics parameters introduced in the flotation and kinetics kernels.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Derkaoui, N., Rond, C., Gries, T., Henrion, G. and Gicquel, A.
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 47:205201
2014

Resume: The electron temperature and electron density are measured in a microwave (MW) plasma-assisted chemical vapour diamond deposition reactor for different experimental conditions by varying the substrate temperature, methane content and MW power density. Optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and MW interferometry are used to probe the discharge generated in a stainless steel resonant cavity excited at a frequency of 2.45 GHz. Changing the substrate temperature from 630 to 900 ?C does not show any significant influence on the electron temperature or on the electron density. Increasing the methane content from 0 to 10% does not lead to any modification of the electron temperature or density. However between 10% and 20% CH, a decrease of the electron density is observed which may be attributed to soot particle formation. The electron density increases in the range of (1.2-10) x 1011 cm-3 from moderate power density conditions (50 hPa/1000 W) to high power density conditions (250 hPa/3500 W). OES measurements show that the electron temperature exhibits a flat axial profile in the plasma bulk and ranges from 14 000K at (25 hPa/600 W) to 10 500K at (400 hPa/3000 W).

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Mangin, S., Gottwald, M., Lambert, C.-H., Steil, D., Uhlír, V., Pang, L., Hehn, M., Alebrand, S., Cinchetti, M., Malinowski, G., Fainman, Y., Aeschlimann, M. and Fullerton, E.E.
Nature Materials, 13(3):286-292
2014

Equipe: Département P2M : Nanomagnétisme et Electronique de Spin

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