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Toutes :: 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014
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References

2014

Articles:

Audinot, J. -N., Hamdan, A., Grysan, P., Fleming, Y., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, 46(1, SI):397-400 Audinot, JN (Reprint Author), Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, 41 Rue Brill, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg. Audinot, J. -N.; Grysan, P.; Fleming, Y., Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198,CS 50840, F-54011 Nancy, France.
2014
ISSN: 0142-2421

Mots clefs: imaging; combinaison; characterization; plasma; nanosims; 3D

Resume: The discharge between a platinum electrode and different metallic monolayers on a silicon substrate produced sub-micrometric structures. The scanning electron microscope images showed the formation of craters with cones, holes, corona, and other exotic structures. The atomic force microscopy images allowed evaluating the depth and height of these complex structures together with the chemical information as determined by NanoSIMS imaging. The plasma impacts locally removed the mono-layer and the bilayer down to the bare silicon substrate. In order to convert the acquired NanoSIMS images into a true three-dimensional distribution of the analyzed species, the SIMS images are overlapped with the corresponding atomic force microscopy images of the same probed area. This analysis method allows a visualization of a complex 3D structure and helps understand the formation mechanisms of the streamer impact. Copyright (c) 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Bellot, Jean-Pierre, De Felice, Valerio, Dussoubs, Bernard, Jardy, Alain and Hans, Stephane
METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B-PROCESS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS PROCESSING SCIENCE, 45(1):13-21
2014
ISSN: 1073-5615

Resume: Gas-stirring ladle treatment of liquid metal has been pointed out for a long time as the processing stage is mainly responsible for the inclusion population of specialty steels. A steel ladle is a complex three-phase reactor, where strongly dispersed inclusions are transported by the turbulent liquid metal/bubbles flow. We have coupled a population balance model with CFD in order to simulate the mechanisms of transport, aggregation, flotation, and surface entrapment of inclusions. The simulation results, when applied to an industrial gas-stirring ladle operation, show the efficiency of this modeling approach and allow us to compare the respective roles of these mechanisms on the inclusion removal rate. The comparison with literature reporting data emphasizes the good prediction of deoxidating rate of the ladle. On parallel, a simplified zero-dimensional model has been set-up incorporating the same kinetics law for the aggregation rate and all the removal mechanisms. A particular attention has been paid on the averaging method of the hydrodynamics parameters introduced in the flotation and kinetics kernels.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Belmonte, T., Hamdan, A., Kosior, F., Noel, C. and Henrion, G.
JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, 47(22, SI) Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, CNRS, Dept CP2S, Inst Jean Lamour, Parc Saurupt,CS 50840, F-54011 Nancy, France. Belmonte, T.; Hamdan, A.; Kosior, F.; Noel, C.; Henrion, G., Univ Lorraine, CNRS, Dept CP2S, Inst Jean Lamour, F-54011 Nancy, France.
2014
ISSN: 0022-3727

Mots clefs: discharges in liquids; plasma-surface interactions; nanoparticle synthesis

Resume: Discharge-surface interaction in liquids includes many phenomena which are reviewed in this work. This is used to examine results in the area of nanoparticle synthesis and to propose a general sketch of formation mechanisms.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

2013

Articles:

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 134(2, 1):991-1000 Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, Parc Saurupt,CS 14234, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0001-4966

Resume: The determination of the initial pressure at the bubble wall created by a discharge in heptane for micro-gap conditions cannot be determined straightforwardly by modeling the time-oscillations of the bubble. The resolution of the Gilmore equation gives the same solutions beyond 1 mu s typically for various sets of initial parameters, making impossible the determination of the initial pressure at the bubble wall. Furthermore, the very first instant of the bubble formation is not easily accessible at very short time scales because of the plasma emission. Since the pressure waves propagate in the liquid, it is much easier to gain information on the first instants of the bubble formation by studying the pressure field far from the emission source. Then, it is possible to deduce by modeling what happened at the beginning of the emission of the pressure waves. The proposed solution consists in looking at the oscillations affecting another bubble located at least twice farther from the interelectrode gap than the maximum radius reached by the discharge bubble. The initial plasma pressure can be determined by this method. (C) 2013 Acoustical Society of America.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113(4) Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0021-8979

Resume: Modes of energy dissipation in impacts made on various materials (Al, Cu, Fe, and Si) by discharges in heptane are investigated for micro-gap conditions. Bulk metals and thin films of 300 nm in thickness deposited on silicon wafers are used as samples. Positive high voltage pulses with nanosecond rise times make it possible to isolate a single discharge and to study the way the charge delivered by the power supply is transferred to the larger electrode (the sample) in a pin-to-plate configuration. The diameter of the impacts created by the plasma varies linearly versus the charge raised at a power close to 0.5. However, the exact value of the power depends on the material. We also show how the impact morphologies change with the applied charge. At high charges, the diameters of impacts on thin films behave as those made on silicon. At low charges, they behave as the bulk material. Finally, we show that the energy dissipated in impacts is below a few percent. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4780786]

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, Ahmad, Audinot, Jean-Nicolas, Migot-Choux, Sylvie, Noel, Cedric, Kosior, Francis, Henrion, Gerard and Belmonte, Thierry
ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 15(10):885-892 Hamdan, A (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, Ahmad; Migot-Choux, Sylvie; Noel, Cedric; Kosior, Francis; Henrion, Gerard; Belmonte, Thierry, Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Audinot, Jean-Nicolas, Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg.
2013
ISSN: 1438-1656

Resume: Discharges in heptane in pin-to-plate configuration are produced between a platinum wire and a (100)-oriented silicon wafer coated by a carbon nanotube (CNT) carpet. This carpet is used to simulate the behavior of a nanostructured surface in electro-discharge machining (EDM) where small protrusions on the surface could play a similar role. CNTs behave like simple electrical conductors between the discharge and the silicon wafer. They act as if they would focus the current on smaller areas. The average diameter of impacts is about five times smaller if the silicon wafer is coated by a CNT carpet. The underlying silicon surface is heated by the plasma and melts, forming a central spot surrounded by a serrated trailing edge. The current density being about one order of magnitude larger when a CNT carpet is present, the induced magnetic field stirs the molten silicon, creating serrations all around the impact. Hot nanoparticles of carbon coming from the plasma fall and roll randomly on the silicon surface where they create wavy micro-channels. Nanowires that are detached from the surface are covered by nanoparticles of platinum in the plasma and embedded within an amorphous carbon layer deposited on the nanotube. However, these effects can only be observed if the current density is high enough (>approximate to 10A mu m(-2) depending on the material) like in micro-EDM but not in nano-EDM.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J. -N., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 274:378-391 Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54011 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54011 Nancy, France. Audinot, J. -N., Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg. Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., CNRS, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54011 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0169-4332

Mots clefs: Microplasma; Plasma in liquids; Plasma-surface interaction; Thin films

Resume: Interaction of discharges in heptane with magnetron-sputtered thin films made of aluminum, copper or iron is studied in a pin-to-plate configuration. The behavior of discharges on thin films can be used to better understand the interaction of discharges with given surfaces and it might also improve the reproducibility of the impacts in order to better control their shape. Single layers and bilayers of metals are characterized after impact by SEM, AFM, micro-EDX and nano-SIMS analyses. Discharges last typically for a few hundreds of nanoseconds and dissipated energies range between 1 and 100 mJ. We show that at low impact energy, copper and aluminum are heated and stretched by surface stress. At intermediate energy, melting occurs, leading to the synthesis of external beads by Marangoni's convection. At high energy, the shape of the impact is defined by the pressure release when the discharge stops. When iron is deposited onto silicon, dewetting is an important mechanism. The columnar structure of the deposit may have two distinct roles. On the one hand, gases trapped in intercolumnar boundaries can produce tiny holes. On the other hand, the shock wave can abrade the outermost and less cohesive part of the film if it is made of columns separated by large porosities. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Kosior, F., Noel, C., Henrion, G., Audinot, J-N, Gries, T. and Belmonte, T.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113(21) Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, CNRS, Dept CP2S, Inst Jean Lamour, Parc Saurupt,CS 50840, F-54011 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Kosior, F.; Noel, C.; Henrion, G.; Gries, T.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, CNRS, Dept CP2S, Inst Jean Lamour, F-54011 Nancy, France. Audinot, J-N, Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg.
2013

Resume: The main processes related to discharges between pin and plate electrodes in hydrocarbon liquid (heptane) are modelled for micro-gap (from 10 to 100 mu m) conditions. When a plasma channel hits the surface, a micro-crater is created. The different phenomena controlling the geometry (shape and dimension) of a single crater are described and included in a theoretical model developed for the specific case of pure aluminium. The influence of the most important parameters affecting the geometry of the crater is discussed. Among them, one finds the pressure exerted by the plasma on the liquid metal. It is found that the distribution of the pressure applied on the liquid pool changes significantly the way the plasma shapes the pool. It is assumed that at high charges, the pressure profile is tilted from the channel axis, leading to the formation of a central protrusion. On the other hand, we demonstrate that Thomson-Marangoni forces play an important role for crater diameters smaller than 5 mu m. Then, the choice of the first derivative of the surface tension with respect to the temperature is a key factor. This effect is strongly related to the way convection displaces matter in the liquid pool. Finally, the quenching step is sufficiently fast to freeze the liquid shape as soon as the plasma vanishes. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

2011

Articles:

Belmonte, T., Gries, T., Cardoso, R. P., Arnoult, G., Kosior, F. and Henrion, G.
PLASMA SOURCES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 20(2)
2011
ISSN: 0963-0252

Resume: This paper describes several specific aspects of atmospheric plasma deposition carried out with a microwave resonant cavity. Deposition over a wide substrate is first studied. We show that high deposition rates (several hundreds of mu m h(-1)) are due to localization of fluxes on the substrate by convection when slightly turbulent flows are used. Next, we describe possible routes to localize deposition over a nanometre-sized area. Scaling down atmospheric plasma deposition is possible and two strategies to reach nanometre scales are described. Finally, we study self-organization of SiO(2) nanodots deposited by chemical vapour deposition at atmospheric pressure enhanced by an Ar-O(2) micro-afterglow operating at high temperature (>1200 K). When the film being deposited is thin enough (similar to 500 nm) nanodots are obtained and they can be assembled into threads to create patterned surfaces. When the coating becomes thicker (similar to 1 mu m), and for relatively high content in HMDSO, SiO(2) walls forming hexagonal cells are obtained.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Cardoso, R. P., Belmonte, T., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Tixhon, E.
THIN SOLID FILMS, 519(13):4177-4185
2011
ISSN: 0040-6090

Mots clefs: Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition; Hexamethyldisiloxane; Microwave assisted chemical vapor deposition; Resonant cavity; Afterglow; Post discharge

Resume: The post-discharge of a microwave resonant cavity working at atmospheric pressure is used to enhance deposition of SiOx thin films from HMDSO by chemical vapor deposition. Maximum static deposition rates are close to 150 mu m h(-1) for low power consumption per unit of coated width (similar to 100 W/cm). Dynamic deposition rates are close to 3.5 nm ms(-1). The distribution of the coating thickness is heterogeneous over an area of 150 x 90 mm(2). The influence of the main parameters of the process is systematically studied to show how the key reactions, i.e. gas phase synthesis of powders and surface deposition, are correlated. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

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