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References

Articles:

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte., T.
Journal of the Acoustical Society fo America, 134:991
2013

Resume: The determination of the initial pressure at the bubble wall created by a discharge in heptane for micro-gap conditions cannot be determined straightforwardly by modeling the time-oscillations of the bubble. The resolution of the Gilmore equation gives the same solutions beyond 1 mu s typically for various sets of initial parameters, making impossible the determination of the initial pressure at the bubble wall. Furthermore, the very first instant of the bubble formation is not easily accessible at very short time scales because of the plasma emission. Since the pressure waves propagate in the liquid, it is much easier to gain information on the first instants of the bubble formation by studying the pressure field far from the emission source. Then, it is possible to deduce by modeling what happened at the beginning of the emission of the pressure waves. The proposed solution consists in looking at the oscillations affecting another bubble located at least twice farther from the interelectrode gap than the maximum radius reached by the discharge bubble. The initial plasma pressure can be determined by this method. (C) 2013 Acoustical Society of America.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 134(2, 1):991-1000 Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, Parc Saurupt,CS 14234, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0001-4966

Resume: The determination of the initial pressure at the bubble wall created by a discharge in heptane for micro-gap conditions cannot be determined straightforwardly by modeling the time-oscillations of the bubble. The resolution of the Gilmore equation gives the same solutions beyond 1 mu s typically for various sets of initial parameters, making impossible the determination of the initial pressure at the bubble wall. Furthermore, the very first instant of the bubble formation is not easily accessible at very short time scales because of the plasma emission. Since the pressure waves propagate in the liquid, it is much easier to gain information on the first instants of the bubble formation by studying the pressure field far from the emission source. Then, it is possible to deduce by modeling what happened at the beginning of the emission of the pressure waves. The proposed solution consists in looking at the oscillations affecting another bubble located at least twice farther from the interelectrode gap than the maximum radius reached by the discharge bubble. The initial plasma pressure can be determined by this method. (C) 2013 Acoustical Society of America.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Zhang, H.Y., Cleymand, F., Noel, C., Kahn, C.J.F., Linder, M., Dahoun, A., Henrion, G. and Arab-Tehrany, E.
Carbohydrate Polymers, 93(2):401-411
2013

Resume: This work addresses the functionalization of chitosan thin films and its nanoliposomes blend films by a microwave-excited Ar/N2/H2 surface-wave plasma treatment which was found an effective tool to modify surface properties. Changes in the film properties (wettability, chemical composition, morphology) induced by the plasma treatment are studied using water contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy. The results suggest that hydrophilicity of the films is improved by plasma treatment in a plasma condition dependency manner. Water contact angle of chitosan films before and after plasma treatment are, respectively, 101° and 27°. Besides chemical changes on the surface, the nanoliposomes incorporation and plasma treatment also induce morphological modifications. Moreover, a correlation is found between the nanoliposomes composition and size, and the effects of plasma treatment. It is shown that the plasma treatment significantly improves the chitosan film functionalization. The effect of N2 content (88% and 100%) in the plasma gas mixture on the film etching is also pointed out.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Chichti, E., Henrion, G., Cleymand, F., Jamshidian., M., Linder, M. and Arab Tehrany, E.
Plasma Processes and Polymers, 10:535-543
2013

Resume: Poly-lactic acid (PLA) is the most used biopolymer in both biomedical and food packaging fields to replace petrochemical plastics. The surface properties of PLA thin films were studied before and after plasma treatment to enhance its wettability and its adhesive properties. Based on the experimental design, the most significant parameters of the plasma process were specified. The effect of the cold plasma treatment on the mechanical, topographic composition, thermal and barrier properties of the PLA was carried out using different Ar-N2-O2 gas mixture. Results show that the discharge gas can have a significant influence on the chemical composition and the wettability of the PLA surfaces. As the plasma processing is a surface treatment without affecting the bulk properties, it did not change the PLA properties.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Martin, J., Melhem, A., Shchedrina, I., Duchanoy, T., Nominé, A., Henrion, G., Czerwiec, T. and Belmonte, T.
Surface and Coatings Technology, 221:70
2013

Resume: The plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) of aluminium alloys is investigated for different electrical working conditions using a pulsed bipolar current supply. A particular attention is paid to the effect of the anodic current density (from 10 to 90 A dm-2) and current pulse frequency (from 100 to 900 Hz) on the resulting oxide layer. Micro-discharges are characterized during the process by means of fast video imaging with a time and a space resolution of 8 μs and 0.017 mm2, respectively. Correlations are established between themicro-discharge characteristics (surface density, lifetime and size) and the elaborated oxide layers (morphology, growth rate and surface roughness). The highest coating growth rate measured (2.1 μm min-1) is achieved with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm-2) and the highest current pulse frequency (900 Hz). Within these specific current conditions it is concluded that the detrimental effects of numerous micro-discharges are minimized. The results also show that the surface roughness may be largely affected by the presence of long-lived and large micro-discharges which develop over the processed surface. The strongest micro-discharges (live duration up to 0.3 ms and cross-sectional area up to 1 mm2) are mainly observed with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm-2) and the lowest current pulse frequency (100 Hz).

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Tung, W-S., A. Daoud, W. and Henrion, G.
Thin Solid Films, 545:310-319
2013

Resume: A microwave-generated plasma afterglow (MWGPA) treatment was applied to keratin fibers to improve their adhesion to anatase nanocrystals by modifying their surface chemical and physical structure. The induced photocatalytic self-cleaning property has significantly been improved by 70% as evidenced by complete stain decomposition in 6 h only. The effects of gas mixtures, gas flow, treatment distance, treatment duration and power flow of the MWGPA treatment on keratin's surface were investigated. The MWGPA-induced alteration of keratin's surface structure resulted in an increase in the uptake of anatase crystals and thus enhanced photocatalytic self-cleaning activities. The contact angle, absorption time, deposition behavior, adhesion and stability of anatase coating of keratin fibers are discussed. The anatase uptake and coating uniformity were characterized quantitatively using Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. This efficient and low energy plasma surface activation approach demonstrated potential toward the practical application of anatase in keratinous materials.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J.-N., Migot-Choux C. Noël, S., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
Journal of Applied Physics, 113:043301
2013

Resume: Modes of energy dissipation in impacts made on various materials (Al, Cu, Fe, and Si) by discharges in heptane are investigated for micro-gap conditions. Bulk metals and thin films of 300 nm in thickness deposited on silicon wafers are used as samples. Positive high voltage pulses with nanosecond rise times make it possible to isolate a single discharge and to study the way the charge delivered by the power supply is transferred to the larger electrode (the sample) in a pin-to-plate configuration. The diameter of the impacts created by the plasma varies linearly versus the charge raised at a power close to 0.5. However, the exact value of the power depends on the material. We also show how the impact morphologies change with the applied charge. At high charges, the diameters of impacts on thin films behave as those made on silicon. At low charges, they behave as the bulk material. Finally, we show that the energy dissipated in impacts is below a few percent.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113(4) Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0021-8979

Resume: Modes of energy dissipation in impacts made on various materials (Al, Cu, Fe, and Si) by discharges in heptane are investigated for micro-gap conditions. Bulk metals and thin films of 300 nm in thickness deposited on silicon wafers are used as samples. Positive high voltage pulses with nanosecond rise times make it possible to isolate a single discharge and to study the way the charge delivered by the power supply is transferred to the larger electrode (the sample) in a pin-to-plate configuration. The diameter of the impacts created by the plasma varies linearly versus the charge raised at a power close to 0.5. However, the exact value of the power depends on the material. We also show how the impact morphologies change with the applied charge. At high charges, the diameters of impacts on thin films behave as those made on silicon. At low charges, they behave as the bulk material. Finally, we show that the energy dissipated in impacts is below a few percent. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4780786]

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, Ahmad, Audinot, Jean-Nicolas, Migot-Choux, Sylvie, Noel, Cedric, Kosior, Francis, Henrion, Gerard and Belmonte, Thierry
ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 15(10):885-892 Hamdan, A (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, Ahmad; Migot-Choux, Sylvie; Noel, Cedric; Kosior, Francis; Henrion, Gerard; Belmonte, Thierry, Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Audinot, Jean-Nicolas, Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg.
2013
ISSN: 1438-1656

Resume: Discharges in heptane in pin-to-plate configuration are produced between a platinum wire and a (100)-oriented silicon wafer coated by a carbon nanotube (CNT) carpet. This carpet is used to simulate the behavior of a nanostructured surface in electro-discharge machining (EDM) where small protrusions on the surface could play a similar role. CNTs behave like simple electrical conductors between the discharge and the silicon wafer. They act as if they would focus the current on smaller areas. The average diameter of impacts is about five times smaller if the silicon wafer is coated by a CNT carpet. The underlying silicon surface is heated by the plasma and melts, forming a central spot surrounded by a serrated trailing edge. The current density being about one order of magnitude larger when a CNT carpet is present, the induced magnetic field stirs the molten silicon, creating serrations all around the impact. Hot nanoparticles of carbon coming from the plasma fall and roll randomly on the silicon surface where they create wavy micro-channels. Nanowires that are detached from the surface are covered by nanoparticles of platinum in the plasma and embedded within an amorphous carbon layer deposited on the nanotube. However, these effects can only be observed if the current density is high enough (>approximate to 10A mu m(-2) depending on the material) like in micro-EDM but not in nano-EDM.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J.-N., Migot-Choux, S., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
Advanced Engineering Materials, 15:885-892
2013

Resume: Discharges in heptane in pin-to-plate configuration are produced between a platinum wire and a (100)-oriented silicon wafer coated by a carbon nanotube (CNT) carpet. This carpet is used to simulate the behavior of a nanostructured surface in electro-discharge machining (EDM) where small protrusions on the surface could play a similar role. CNTs behave like simple electrical conductors between the discharge and the silicon wafer. They act as if they would focus the current on smaller areas. The average diameter of impacts is about five times smaller if the silicon wafer is coated by a CNT carpet. The underlying silicon surface is heated by the plasma and melts, forming a central spot surrounded by a serrated trailing edge. The current density being about one order of magnitude larger when a CNT carpet is present, the induced magnetic field stirs the molten silicon, creating serrations all around the impact. Hot nanoparticles of carbon coming from the plasma fall and roll randomly on the silicon surface where they create wavy micro-channels. Nanowires that are detached from the surface are covered by nanoparticles of platinum in the plasma and embedded within an amorphous carbon layer deposited on the nanotube. However, these effects can only be observed if the current density is high enough (>approximate to 10A mu m(-2) depending on the material) like in micro-EDM but not in nano-EDM.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

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