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References

2013

Articles:

Martin, J., Melhem, A., Shchedrina, I., Duchanoy, T., Nominé, A., Henrion, G., Czerwiec, T. and Belmonte, T.
Surface and Coatings Technology, 221:70
2013

Resume: The plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) of aluminium alloys is investigated for different electrical working conditions using a pulsed bipolar current supply. A particular attention is paid to the effect of the anodic current density (from 10 to 90 A dm-2) and current pulse frequency (from 100 to 900 Hz) on the resulting oxide layer. Micro-discharges are characterized during the process by means of fast video imaging with a time and a space resolution of 8 μs and 0.017 mm2, respectively. Correlations are established between themicro-discharge characteristics (surface density, lifetime and size) and the elaborated oxide layers (morphology, growth rate and surface roughness). The highest coating growth rate measured (2.1 μm min-1) is achieved with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm-2) and the highest current pulse frequency (900 Hz). Within these specific current conditions it is concluded that the detrimental effects of numerous micro-discharges are minimized. The results also show that the surface roughness may be largely affected by the presence of long-lived and large micro-discharges which develop over the processed surface. The strongest micro-discharges (live duration up to 0.3 ms and cross-sectional area up to 1 mm2) are mainly observed with the combination of the highest current density (75.7 A dm-2) and the lowest current pulse frequency (100 Hz).

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Drevlak, M., Brochard, F., Helander, P., Kisslinger, J., Mikhailov, M., Nührenberg, C., Nührenberg, J. and Turkin, Y.
Contributions to Plasma Physics, 53:459-468
2013

Resume: This work presents the physics design for a simple quasi-axially symmetric stellarator. A plasma configuration described by a modest number of Fourier coefficients was found to establish this symmetry with good accuracy. The low rotational transform results in a relatively simple coil set exhibiting low curvatures and comfortable clearance between adjacent coils. As another consequence, the maximum achievable plasma pressure will be limited to about 0.5%. An experiment along the lines proposed would allow an exploration of the confinement properties of a quasi-axially symmetric configuration. ((c) 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Presser, Volker, Naguib, Michael, Chaput, Laurent, Togi, Atsushi, Hug, Gilles and Barsoum, Michel W.
JOURNAL OF RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY, 44(7):1060
2013
ISSN: 0377-0486

Equipe: Département P2M : Surfaces et Spectroscopies

Nguyen, V.S., Badie, L., Sénéchault, E., Blampain, E., Vincent, B., Venet, C., Elmazria, O. and Rouxel, D.
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, 60(10):2039-2043
2013

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : MiNaLor micro et nanotechnologies

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113(4) Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0021-8979

Resume: Modes of energy dissipation in impacts made on various materials (Al, Cu, Fe, and Si) by discharges in heptane are investigated for micro-gap conditions. Bulk metals and thin films of 300 nm in thickness deposited on silicon wafers are used as samples. Positive high voltage pulses with nanosecond rise times make it possible to isolate a single discharge and to study the way the charge delivered by the power supply is transferred to the larger electrode (the sample) in a pin-to-plate configuration. The diameter of the impacts created by the plasma varies linearly versus the charge raised at a power close to 0.5. However, the exact value of the power depends on the material. We also show how the impact morphologies change with the applied charge. At high charges, the diameters of impacts on thin films behave as those made on silicon. At low charges, they behave as the bulk material. Finally, we show that the energy dissipated in impacts is below a few percent. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4780786]

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, Ahmad, Audinot, Jean-Nicolas, Migot-Choux, Sylvie, Noel, Cedric, Kosior, Francis, Henrion, Gerard and Belmonte, Thierry
ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, 15(10):885-892 Hamdan, A (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Hamdan, Ahmad; Migot-Choux, Sylvie; Noel, Cedric; Kosior, Francis; Henrion, Gerard; Belmonte, Thierry, Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, CNRS, UMR 7198, F-54042 Nancy, France. Audinot, Jean-Nicolas, Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg.
2013
ISSN: 1438-1656

Resume: Discharges in heptane in pin-to-plate configuration are produced between a platinum wire and a (100)-oriented silicon wafer coated by a carbon nanotube (CNT) carpet. This carpet is used to simulate the behavior of a nanostructured surface in electro-discharge machining (EDM) where small protrusions on the surface could play a similar role. CNTs behave like simple electrical conductors between the discharge and the silicon wafer. They act as if they would focus the current on smaller areas. The average diameter of impacts is about five times smaller if the silicon wafer is coated by a CNT carpet. The underlying silicon surface is heated by the plasma and melts, forming a central spot surrounded by a serrated trailing edge. The current density being about one order of magnitude larger when a CNT carpet is present, the induced magnetic field stirs the molten silicon, creating serrations all around the impact. Hot nanoparticles of carbon coming from the plasma fall and roll randomly on the silicon surface where they create wavy micro-channels. Nanowires that are detached from the surface are covered by nanoparticles of platinum in the plasma and embedded within an amorphous carbon layer deposited on the nanotube. However, these effects can only be observed if the current density is high enough (>approximate to 10A mu m(-2) depending on the material) like in micro-EDM but not in nano-EDM.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J.-N., Migot-Choux, S., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
Advanced Engineering Materials, 15:885-892
2013

Resume: Discharges in heptane in pin-to-plate configuration are produced between a platinum wire and a (100)-oriented silicon wafer coated by a carbon nanotube (CNT) carpet. This carpet is used to simulate the behavior of a nanostructured surface in electro-discharge machining (EDM) where small protrusions on the surface could play a similar role. CNTs behave like simple electrical conductors between the discharge and the silicon wafer. They act as if they would focus the current on smaller areas. The average diameter of impacts is about five times smaller if the silicon wafer is coated by a CNT carpet. The underlying silicon surface is heated by the plasma and melts, forming a central spot surrounded by a serrated trailing edge. The current density being about one order of magnitude larger when a CNT carpet is present, the induced magnetic field stirs the molten silicon, creating serrations all around the impact. Hot nanoparticles of carbon coming from the plasma fall and roll randomly on the silicon surface where they create wavy micro-channels. Nanowires that are detached from the surface are covered by nanoparticles of platinum in the plasma and embedded within an amorphous carbon layer deposited on the nanotube. However, these effects can only be observed if the current density is high enough (>approximate to 10A mu m(-2) depending on the material) like in micro-EDM but not in nano-EDM.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J.-N., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
Applied Surface Science, 274:378-391
2013

Resume: Interaction of discharges in heptane with magnetron-sputtered thin films made of aluminum, copper or iron is studied in a pin-to-plate configuration. The behavior of discharges on thin films can be used to better understand the interaction of discharges with given surfaces and it might also improve the reproducibility of the impacts in order to better control their shape. Single layers and bilayers of metals are characterized after impact by SEM, AFM, micro-EDX and nano-SIMS analyses. Discharges last typically for a few hundreds of nanoseconds and dissipated energies range between 1 and 100 mJ. We show that at low impact energy, copper and aluminum are heated and stretched by surface stress. At intermediate energy, melting occurs, leading to the synthesis of external beads by Marangoni's convection. At high energy, the shape of the impact is defined by the pressure release when the discharge stops. When iron is deposited onto silicon, dewetting is an important mechanism. The columnar structure of the deposit may have two distinct roles. On the one hand, gases trapped in intercolumnar boundaries can produce tiny holes. On the other hand, the shock wave can abrade the outermost and less cohesive part of the film if it is made of columns separated by large porosities. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J. -N., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, 274:378-391 Belmonte, T (Reprint Author), Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54011 Nancy, France. Hamdan, A.; Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., Univ Lorraine, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54011 Nancy, France. Audinot, J. -N., Ctr Rech Publ Gabriel Lippmann, SAM Dept, L-4422 Belvaux, Luxembourg. Noel, C.; Kosior, F.; Henrion, G.; Belmonte, T., CNRS, Inst Jean Lamour, UMR CNRS 7198, F-54011 Nancy, France.
2013
ISSN: 0169-4332

Mots clefs: Microplasma; Plasma in liquids; Plasma-surface interaction; Thin films

Resume: Interaction of discharges in heptane with magnetron-sputtered thin films made of aluminum, copper or iron is studied in a pin-to-plate configuration. The behavior of discharges on thin films can be used to better understand the interaction of discharges with given surfaces and it might also improve the reproducibility of the impacts in order to better control their shape. Single layers and bilayers of metals are characterized after impact by SEM, AFM, micro-EDX and nano-SIMS analyses. Discharges last typically for a few hundreds of nanoseconds and dissipated energies range between 1 and 100 mJ. We show that at low impact energy, copper and aluminum are heated and stretched by surface stress. At intermediate energy, melting occurs, leading to the synthesis of external beads by Marangoni's convection. At high energy, the shape of the impact is defined by the pressure release when the discharge stops. When iron is deposited onto silicon, dewetting is an important mechanism. The columnar structure of the deposit may have two distinct roles. On the one hand, gases trapped in intercolumnar boundaries can produce tiny holes. On the other hand, the shock wave can abrade the outermost and less cohesive part of the film if it is made of columns separated by large porosities. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Equipe: Centre de Compétences : ERMIONE informatique et calcul

Hamdan, A., Audinot, J.-N., Noel, C., Kosior, F., Henrion, G. and Belmonte, T.
Applied Surface Science, 274:378-391
2013

Resume: Interaction of discharges in heptane with magnetron-sputtered thin films made of aluminum, copper or iron is studied in a pin-to-plate configuration. The behavior of discharges on thin films can be used to better understand the interaction of discharges with given surfaces and it might also improve the reproducibility of the impacts in order to better control their shape. Single layers and bilayers of metals are characterized after impact by SEM, AFM, micro-EDX and nano-SIMS analyses. Discharges last typically for a few hundreds of nanoseconds and dissipated energies range between 1 and 100 mJ. We show that at low impact energy, copper and aluminum are heated and stretched by surface stress. At intermediate energy, melting occurs, leading to the synthesis of external beads by Marangoniâ??s convection. At high energy, the shape of the impact is defined by the pressure release when the discharge stops. When iron is deposited onto silicon, dewetting is an important mechanism. The columnar structure of the deposit may have two distinct roles. On the one hand, gases trapped in intercolumnar boundaries can produce tiny holes. On the other hand, the shock wave can abrade the outermost and less cohesive part of the film if it is made of columns separated by large porosities.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

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