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References

2015

Articles:

Escande, Vincent, Petit, Eddy, Garoux, Laetitia, Boulanger, Clotilde and Grison, Claude
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering,
2015

Resume: A novel Mn-derived catalyst was prepared starting from biomass of Mn-hyperaccumulating plants growing on metal-rich soils. Recovery of this biomass as value-added ?ecocatalysts? provides incentives for the development of phytoextraction programs on soils degraded by mining activities. Characterization of the resulting plant-based ?Eco-Mn?? catalyst by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) demonstrated the presence of unusual polymetallic complexes of Mn(II) in the catalyst, along with Fe(III). Incorporation of these species into montmorillonite K10 as solid support provided a supported Eco-Mn? catalyst, whose properties were investigated for alkene epoxidation with H2O2 (30 wt%)/NaHCO3 (0.2 M) as a green terminal oxidizing reagent. The supported Eco-Mn? catalyst demonstrated a high efficiency for styrene epoxidation, with only 0.31 mol% of Mn, a much lower content of Mn than in previously described Mn-derived heterogeneous catalysts. Whereas Fe was also present in the supported Eco-Mn? catalyst, comparison experiments showed that Fe had only a limited role in the catalysis. The water content in the reaction medium had a beneficial effect, increasing the reaction efficiency. The supported Eco-Mn? catalyst was recycled four times without any loss of activity. Comparison of its properties to those of heterogeneous catalysts made by incorporation of commercial MnCl2.4H2O and FeCl3.6H2O highlighted the superior catalytic activity of polymetallic species present in the biosourced catalyst. The substrate scope of the method was extended to various alkenes, including bulky natural products, which were epoxidized with high yields (up to 99%), sometimes much higher than those obtained with already described Mn-derived heterogeneous catalysts. Finally, by simple adjustments of reaction conditions, the method allowed controlled access to aldehydes by oxidative cleavage of various styrene-derived substrates (up to 93% yield). The method thus constitutes a valuable alternative not only to classical epoxidation reagents, but also to oxidative cleavage of styrene-derived molecules, which usually involves toxic and hazardous reagents.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Chimie et électrochimie des matériaux

2014

Articles:

Kandaskalov, D., Fournee, V., Ledieu, J. and Gaudry, E.
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 118(40):23032-23041
2014
ISSN: 1932-7447

Equipe: Département CP2S : Métallurgie et Surfaces

Villaseca, Sebastian Alarcon, Kandaskalov, Dmytro, Gaudry, Emilie and Armbruester, Marc
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANORGANISCHE UND ALLGEMEINE CHEMIE, 640(5, SI):753-759
2014
ISSN: 0044-2313

Equipe: Département CP2S : Métallurgie et Surfaces

Hamdan, A., Noel, C., Ghanbaja, J. and Belmonte, T.
Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing, 34:1101-1114
2014

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

ZHOU, T., COLIN, M., CANDOLFI, C., Boulanger, C., DAUSCHER, A., Santava, E., HEJTMANEK, J., BARANEK, P., AL RAHAL AL ORABI, R., POTEL, M., Fontaine, B., GOUGEON, P., Gautier, R. and LENOIR, B.
Chemistry of Materials, 26(16):4765-4775
2014

Resume: We present a detailed study of the evolution of the electrical, galvanomagnetic, and thermodynamic properties of polycrystalline AgxMo9Se11 compounds for 3.4 ? x ? 3.8 at low temperatures (2?350 K). In agreement with density functional theory calculations, the collected data show an overall gradual variation in the transport properties from metallic to semiconducting behavior on going from x = 3.4 to 3.8. The results evidence subtle variations in the electronic properties with the Ag content, typified by both positive and negative phonon-drag effects together with thermopower and Hall coefficient of opposite signs. Analysis of the data suggests that these features may be due to peculiarities of the dispersion of the valence bands in the vicinity of the chemical potential. A drastic influence of the Ag content on the thermal transport was evidenced by a pronounced change in the temperature dependence of the specific heat below 10 K. Nonlinearities in the Cp(T3) data are correlated to the concentration of Ag atoms, with an increase in x resulting in a more pronounced departure from a Debye law. The observed behavior mirrors that of ionic conductors, suggesting that AgxMo9Se11 for x ? 3.6 might belong to this class of compounds.

Equipe: Département CP2S : Chimie et électrochimie des matériaux

Altaweel, A., Filipic, G., Gries, T. and Belmonte, T.
Journal of Crystal Growth, 407:17-24
2014

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Derkaoui, N., Rond, C., Gries, T., Henrion, G. and Gicquel, A.
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 47:205201
2014

Resume: The electron temperature and electron density are measured in a microwave (MW) plasma-assisted chemical vapour diamond deposition reactor for different experimental conditions by varying the substrate temperature, methane content and MW power density. Optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and MW interferometry are used to probe the discharge generated in a stainless steel resonant cavity excited at a frequency of 2.45 GHz. Changing the substrate temperature from 630 to 900 ?C does not show any significant influence on the electron temperature or on the electron density. Increasing the methane content from 0 to 10% does not lead to any modification of the electron temperature or density. However between 10% and 20% CH, a decrease of the electron density is observed which may be attributed to soot particle formation. The electron density increases in the range of (1.2-10) x 1011 cm-3 from moderate power density conditions (50 hPa/1000 W) to high power density conditions (250 hPa/3500 W). OES measurements show that the electron temperature exhibits a flat axial profile in the plasma bulk and ranges from 14 000K at (25 hPa/600 W) to 10 500K at (400 hPa/3000 W).

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Escande, Vincent, Garoux, Laetitia, Grison, Claire, Thillier, Yann, Debart, Francoise, Vasseur, Jean-Jacques, Boulanger, Clothilde and Grison, Claude
Applied Catalysis., B, 146:279-288
2014

Resume: Metallophyte plants derived from phytoextn. are used as starting materials to prep. novel polymetallic catalysts. Polymetallic catalyst activity is used in many Lewis acid catalyzed reactions according to the polymetallic catalyst prepn. The synergetic catalysis of these systems leads to efficient syntheses of complex biomols. such as dihydropyrimidinone, 5'-capped DNA and RNA, and glycosyl aminoacid. These new polymetallic catalysts also bring new possibilities in Green Catalysis, that we named "Ecol. Catalysis". [on SciFinder(R)]

Equipe: Département CP2S : Chimie et électrochimie des matériaux

Margueron, S., Ropers, S., Genty, F., Bartasyte, A. and Belmonte, T.
Materials Chemistry and Physics, 147:623-628
2014

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

Barwe, B., Stein, A., E. Cibulka, O., Ghanbaja, J., Belmonte, T. and Benedikt, J.
Plasma Processes and Polymers, in press
2014

Resume: Silicon nanostructures are synthesized with a DC atmospheric pressure microplasma jet using an Ar/SiH4/H2 gas mixture. The plasma is characterized by OES and imaged using an EMCCD camera. The effect of hydrogen admixture to the formed structures is studied by transmission electron microscopy. Under specific conditions, crystalline silicon nanoparticles grow in an amorphous matrix investigated by electron energy loss spectroscopy. As-grown silicon nanoparticles are collected in ethanol for dynamic light scattering and photoluminescence measurements. The size distribution peaks at 4â??nm. The silicon nanocrystals exhibit roomtemperature photoluminescence that peaks at ~415 and ~465 nm

Equipe: Département CP2S : Expériences et Simulations des Plasmas Réactifs - Interaction plasma-surface et Traitement des Surfaces ESPRITS

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